Flood Warning expires at 8:00 PM on 4/28, issued at 10:03 AM Bryceville, FL | Callahan, FL | Fernandina Beach, FL | Glen Saint Mary, FL

First Freeze of the Season... Hurricane Season... Comet Ison

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Updated: 11/28/2013 10:32 pm
The "Buresh Blog" will next be updated Tue., Dec. 3rd.  You can always stay updated on the First Alert Forecast - download the free First Alert Weather iPad App... & listen to AM 690 / 104.5 FM - WOKV.  Have a great & safe weekend!

The First Coast had its first widespread inland freeze of the season early Thu.  Temps. hit the lower 30s north & west of the St. Johns River in Duval Co. but stayed above freezing from the river to the coast.  The average first freeze date at JIA is Dec. 8th. Reports organized by our Jax N.W.S.:
PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE JACKSONVILLE FL
920 AM EST THU NOV 28 2013

...LOW TEMPERATURE REPORTS THIS MORNING ACROSS NORTHEAST FLORIDA
AND SOUTHEAST GEORGIA...

LOCATION                       TEMP      TIME/DATE       LAT/LON

.NORTHEAST FLORIDA...

.ALACHUA...
6 SSW HIGH SPRINGS             27        0648 AM 11/28   29.74N/82.62W
2 S LA CROSSE                  28        0545 AM 11/28   29.80N/82.41W
5 SSE BROOKER                  28        0725 AM 11/28   29.81N/82.30W
5 SE ALACHUA                   28        0654 AM 11/28   29.73N/82.42W
HIGH SPRINGS                   29        0700 AM 11/28   29.83N/82.60W
5 WSW UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA    29        0647 AM 11/28   29.61N/82.43W
3 WNW ALACHUA                  29        0549 AM 11/28   29.81N/82.52W
3 NW UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA     29        0613 AM 11/28   29.67N/82.39W
GAINESVILLE REGIONAL AIRPORT   29        0653 AM 11/28   29.69N/82.27W
2 E UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA      30        0609 AM 11/28   29.64N/82.32W
6 SSE ALACHUA                  31        0813 AM 11/28   29.69N/82.45W

.BAKER...
7 NNW TAYLOR                   26        0704 AM 11/28   30.54N/82.34W
3 N OLUSTEE                    27        0704 AM 11/28   30.25N/82.42W
MACCLENNY                      28        0700 AM 11/28   30.28N/82.14W
2 S MACCLENNY                  29        0655 AM 11/28   30.25N/82.12W
2 S MACCLENNY                  31        0440 AM 11/28   30.25N/82.12W

.BRADFORD...
5 NNW KEYSTONE HEIGHTS         32        0615 AM 11/28   29.85N/82.05W

.CLAY...
4 W LAKESIDE                   29        0720 AM 11/28   30.12N/81.85W
8 N FLORAHOME                  30        0600 AM 11/28   29.85N/81.89W
2 WSW DOCTORS INLET            30        0601 AM 11/28   30.10N/81.80W
3 W DOCTORS INLET              31        0638 AM 11/28   30.12N/81.81W
LAKESIDE                       31        0710 AM 11/28   30.13N/81.77W

.COLUMBIA...
DIV FORESTRY                   29        0700 AM 11/28   30.18N/82.59W
6 SSE WELLBORN                 30        0645 AM 11/28   30.15N/82.78W

.DUVAL...
6 WSW JACKSONVILLE HEIGH       28        0650 AM 11/28   30.22N/81.88W
1 ESE JACKSONVILLE             30        0539 AM 11/28   30.32N/81.64W
JACKSONVILLE INTL AIRPORT      30        0656 AM 11/28   30.48N/81.70W
6 WNW JACKSONVILLE HEIGH       31        0602 AM 11/28   30.29N/81.87W
2 E NORMANDY                   32        0640 AM 11/28   30.30N/81.73W
5 NNE MANDARIN                 32        0638 AM 11/28   30.21N/81.60W
1 SSE ORTEGA                   32        0648 AM 11/28   30.26N/81.70W
2 E NORMANDY                   32        0633 AM 11/28   30.30N/81.73W
1 E NORMANDY                   32        0719 AM 11/28   30.31N/81.74W
4 ENE MANDARIN                 33        0731 AM 11/28   30.18N/81.59W
2 SW SAN PABLO                 33        0601 AM 11/28   30.27N/81.46W
2 NNW TALLYRAND                33        0610 AM 11/28   30.39N/81.65W
2 SSE ORTEGA                   33        0632 AM 11/28   30.25N/81.69W
FORT CAROLINE                  33        0657 AM 11/28   30.39N/81.50W
1 W ARLINGTON                  34        0540 AM 11/28   30.34N/81.63W
CRAIG MUNICIPAL AIRPORT        34        0653 AM 11/28   30.34N/81.51W
FORT CAROLINE                  34        0734 AM 11/28   30.40N/81.49W
1 S MAYPORT                    35        0721 AM 11/28   30.37N/81.41W
3 SE ORTEGA                    35        0653 AM 11/28   30.23N/81.68W
MAYPORT NAVAL STATION          36        0652 AM 11/28   30.40N/81.43W

.FLAGLER...
FLAGLER COUNTY AIRPORT         34        0649 AM 11/28   29.47N/81.21W
PALM COAST                     34        0614 AM 11/28   29.58N/81.23W
3 N BUNNELL                    34        0606 AM 11/28   29.51N/81.25W
MARINELAND                     35        0615 AM 11/28   29.67N/81.22W
2 NNW FLAGLER BEACH            37        0646 AM 11/28   29.50N/81.14W
WASHINGTON OAKS STATE GARDENS  40        0800 AM 11/28   29.63N/81.21W

.GILCHRIST...
BELL 4WNW                      28        0705 AM 11/28   29.77N/82.92W
6 WNW NEWBERRY                 29        0609 AM 11/28   29.67N/82.70W

.HAMILTON...
WTR TR PLT                     27        0645 AM 11/28   30.52N/82.94W

.MARINE REPORTING STATIONS...
1 WNW MAYPORT                  34        0736 AM 11/28   30.40N/81.43W
1 NNE JACKSONVILLE BEACH       36        0534 AM 11/28   30.29N/81.39W
1 NNE SAINT AUGUSTINE BEACH    36        0600 AM 11/28   29.86N/81.26W
47 ENE SAINT AUGUSTINE BEACH   51        1050 PM 11/27   30.00N/80.50W

.MARION...
3 WNW OCKLAWAHA                30        0647 AM 11/28   29.06N/81.98W
ORANGE SPRINGS 2SSW            31        0800 AM 11/28   29.48N/81.97W
3 E RAINBOW LAKES ESTA         31        0613 AM 11/28   29.15N/82.40W
1 E LAKE WEIR                  32        0600 AM 11/28   29.02N/81.97W
OCAL INTL AP - JIM TAYLOR FLD  32        0615 AM 11/28   29.17N/82.22W
5 NW SALT SPRINGS              32        0704 AM 11/28   29.40N/81.81W
3 NNE REDDICK                  33        0730 AM 11/28   29.41N/82.17W
3 ESE OCALA AIRPORT            34        0630 AM 11/28   29.16N/82.18W

.NASSAU...
1 ESE HILLIARD                 26        0539 AM 11/28   30.69N/81.91W
4 ESE YULEE                    28        0539 AM 11/28   30.62N/81.51W
1 NW FERNANDINA BEACH          34        0718 AM 11/28   30.67N/81.46W
FERNANDINA BEACH MUNICIPAL AIR 34        0655 AM 11/28   30.61N/81.46W
3 NE YULEE                     35        0713 AM 11/28   30.66N/81.54W
FERNANDINA BEACH               38        0800 AM 11/28   30.66N/81.46W

.PUTNAM...
5 NW INTERLACHEN               31        0639 AM 11/28   29.67N/81.95W
3 SE WELAKA                    33        0640 AM 11/28   29.44N/81.63W
WATER PLT                      34        0830 AM 11/28   29.43N/81.51W

.ST. JOHNS...
1 ESE DURBIN                   32        0559 AM 11/28   30.08N/81.45W
1 NW SAINT AUGUSTINE           34        0533 AM 11/28   29.92N/81.33W
2 E DURBIN                     34        0636 AM 11/28   30.08N/81.41W
1 NW FRUIT COVE                34        0607 AM 11/28   30.11N/81.64W
3 SSE SPUDS                    35        0545 AM 11/28   29.69N/81.44W
ST AUGUSTINE AIRPORT           35        0558 AM 11/28   29.96N/81.34W
CRESCENT BEACH                 36        0530 AM 11/28   29.72N/81.23W

.SUWANNEE...
3 N HOUSTON                    30        0630 AM 11/28   30.30N/82.90W

.UNION...
LAKE BUTLER                    29        0704 AM 11/28   30.02N/82.34W

.SOUTHEAST GEORGIA...

.APPLING...
BAXLEY 5NNW                    24        0750 AM 11/28   31.85N/82.38W
4 SW BAXLEY                    27        0604 AM 11/28   31.71N/82.39W
4 S PINE GROVE                 27        0630 AM 11/28   31.75N/82.44W

.BACON...
1 W ALMA                       28        0700 AM 11/28   31.54N/82.51W
BACON COUNTY AIRPORT           28        0653 AM 11/28   31.54N/82.51W

.BRANTLEY...
NAHUNTA 6NE                    25        0700 AM 11/28   31.27N/81.92W
2 NNW HICKOX                   27        0645 AM 11/28   31.18N/82.01W

.CAMDEN...
WOODBINE                       27        0758 AM 11/28   30.96N/81.71W
3 W WOODBINE                   29        0600 AM 11/28   30.96N/81.77W
2 SSW HIGH POINT               34        0612 AM 11/28   30.92N/81.43W

.CHARLTON...
STEVEN FOSTER STATE PARK       28        0820 AM 11/28   30.83N/82.36W
10 SW FOLKSTON                 29        0656 AM 11/28   30.74N/82.13W
2 ENE FOLKSTON                 29        0606 AM 11/28   30.85N/81.99W
1 WNW STEVEN FOSTER STATE PARK 30        0701 AM 11/28   30.83N/82.36W

.CLINCH...
HOMERVILLE 5N                  26        0600 AM 11/28   31.08N/82.80W
3 SSW ARGYLE                   27        0700 AM 11/28   31.02N/82.66W

.COFFEE...
PRIDGEN                        27        0435 AM 11/28   31.70N/82.92W
4 ESE DOUGLAS                  28        0615 AM 11/28   31.49N/82.79W
DOUGLAS MUNICIPAL AIRPORT      30        0615 AM 11/28   31.48N/82.86W

.GLYNN...
5 ESE THALMANN                 27        0704 AM 11/28   31.26N/81.61W
4 S BOYS ESTATE                30        0627 AM 11/28   31.27N/81.48W
2 SW COUNTRY CLUB ESTATE       30        0645 AM 11/28   31.19N/81.48W
MALCOLM MC KINNON AIRPORT      31        0653 AM 11/28   31.15N/81.39W
JEKYLL ISLAND                  32        0600 AM 11/28   31.05N/81.41W
BRUNSWICK GOLDEN ISLES AIRPORT 32        0235 AM 11/28   31.26N/81.47W

.JEFF DAVIS...
HAZLEHURST                     25        0800 AM 11/28   31.89N/82.58W

.WARE...
MANOR                          26        0800 AM 11/28   31.08N/82.57W
2 W DEENWOOD                   28        0704 AM 11/28   31.25N/82.40W
WAYCROSS-WARE COUNTY MUNICIPAL 30        0615 AM 11/28   31.25N/82.40W

.WAYNE...
2 SW ODUM                      27        0530 AM 11/28   31.63N/82.05W
JESUP-WAYNE COUNTY AIRPORT     28        0655 AM 11/28   31.55N/81.88W


The hurricane season is coming to a quiet close -- much like the season as a whole.  Click ** here ** for a summary at "Talking the Tropics With Mike" (posted Dec. 1).  From NOAA:
 

The 2013 Atlantic hurricane season, which officially ends on Saturday, Nov. 30, had the fewest number of hurricanes since 1982, thanks in large part to persistent, unfavorable atmospheric conditions over the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and tropical Atlantic Ocean. This year is expected to rank as the sixth-least-active Atlantic hurricane season since 1950, in terms of the collective strength and duration of named storms and hurricanes.

 

"A combination of conditions acted to offset several climate patterns that historically have produced active hurricane seasons," said Gerry Bell, Ph.D., lead seasonal hurricane forecaster at NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, a division of the National Weather Service. "As a result, we did not see the large numbers of hurricanes that typically accompany these climate patterns."

 

Thirteen named storms formed in the Atlantic basin this year. Two, Ingrid and Humberto, became hurricanes, but neither became major hurricanes. Although the number of named storms was above the average of 12, the numbers of hurricanes and major hurricanes were well below their averages of six and three, respectively. Major hurricanes are categories 3 and above.

 

Tropical storm Andrea, the first of the season, was the only named storm to make landfall in the United States this year. Andrea brought tornadoes, heavy rain, and minor flooding to portions of Florida, eastern Georgia and eastern South Carolina, causing one fatality.

 

The 2013 hurricane season was only the third below-normal season in the last 19 years, since 1995, when the current high-activity era for Atlantic hurricanes began.

 

"This unexpectedly low activity is linked to an unpredictable atmospheric pattern that prevented the growth of storms by producing exceptionally dry, sinking air and strong vertical wind shear in much of the main hurricane formation region, which spans the tropical Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea," said Bell. "Also detrimental to some tropical cyclones this year were several strong outbreaks of dry and stable air that originated over Africa."

 

Unlike the U.S., which was largely spared this year, Mexico was battered by eight storms, including three from the Atlantic basin and five from the eastern North Pacific. Of these eight landfalling systems, five struck as tropical storms and three as hurricanes.

 

NOAA and the U.S. Air Force Reserve flew 45 hurricane hunter aircraft reconnaissance missions over the Atlantic basin this season, totaling 435 hours--the fewest number of flight hours since at least 1966. Image below is "Andrea" as it approaches Fl. the first week of June (GOES East Satellite/NOAA).


Comet Ison update -- from NASA (click ** here ** for some sweet video):

As Comet ISON heads toward its closest approach to the sun — known as perihelion — on Nov. 28, 2013, scientists have been watching through many observatories to see if the comet has already broken up under the intense heat and gravitational forces of the sun. The comet is too far away to discern how many pieces it is in, so instead researchers carefully measure how bright it is, which can be used to infer its current state. Less light can sometimes mean that more of the material has boiled off and disappeared, perhaps pointing to a disintegrated comet. But also a disintegrating comet sometimes gives off more light, at least temporarily, so researchers look at the comet's pattern of behavior over the previous few days to work out what it may be doing.

Has Comet ISON broken up?  It is still unclear.

At times observations have suggested ISON was getting dimmer and might already be in pieces. However, over Nov. 26-27, 2013, the comet once again brightened. In the early hours of Nov. 27, the comet appeared in the view of the European Space Agency/NASA mission the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory in the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph instrument. Coronagraphs block out the bright light of the sun in order to better see the dimmer solar atmosphere, the corona. In these images, the comet looks quite bright as it moves in from the lower right of the image. A giant cloud of solar material, called a coronal mass ejection or CME, is also seen in the images bursting off the bottom of the sun and heading out into space. It is as yet unclear if the CME is heading towards ISON but even if it does, it poses no real danger to the comet.

If the comet has already broken up, it should disintegrate completely as it makes its slingshot around the sun. This would provide a great opportunity for scientists to see the insides of the comet, and better understand its composition — as such information holds clues about what material was present during the solar system's formation when this comet was born. However, it would likely mean no comet visible in the night sky in December. We'll only know for sure after the comet rounds the sun on Thanksgiving Day.

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