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Allergies: hay fever
What doctors call rhinitis (rhine-I-tis), most people call hay fever. This condition may occur in both adults and children and can be caused by many different factors.
Attention Deficit Disorder
Attention deficit disorder, which used to be known as 'ADD,' is now properly referred to as 'attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,' or 'ADHD.' There's still some disagreement whether A-D-D and A-D-H-D are two different disorders or not.
Autism
Autism (AW-tiz-um) is a complex brain disorder with varying symptoms and signs. Its origin is unclear and treatment is difficult. Some signs and symptoms include failure to establish a significant bond with caretakers and problems looking others in the eye.
Childhood allergies
Children can have many different types of allergies. They may involve the eyes, nose, or skin, or manifest as asthma (AZZ-muh) or food allergies. Kids can be allergic to pets, peanuts, substances in the air, common cosmetics and household products, or to medicines, especially antibiotics.
Childhood headaches
Most headaches in children result from tension, illness, eyestrain, or allergies. If your child suffers from headaches, try to identify the source. Is there a lot of stress in the child's life? Does the child exhibit symptoms of allergies, like a runny nose and watery eyes? Does the child have a fever? If you can't pinpoint the source, and the headaches persist, a thorough physical checkup as well as an eye examination would be a good idea.
Childhood laryngitis
When a child's larynx (LARE-eenx) becomes swollen, it's known as laryngitis (lare-inn-JITE-iss). The larynx, also known as the voice box, houses the vocal folds in the upper windpipe.
Childhood obesity
Obesity in kids has reached epidemic proportions in the United States as the number of overweight children has doubled in the last two decades. According to the National Institutes of Health about 20 percent of children and adolescents are overweight.
Children and lice
Next to the common cold, lice are the most common communicable disease among children. The first indication of head lice is when a child persistently scratches the scalp, especially behind the ears and at the base of the neck.
Cluster headaches
Cluster headaches refer to headaches that occur in batches, or clusters, as often as several times a day for several days, weeks, or months at a time.
Diagnosing and treating autism
Most parents of autistic (aw-TIS-tic) children can recognize symptoms of the condition by the time the child's three years old. They may notice some signs such as the resisting cuddling, being withdrawn, or not communicating.
Down's syndrome
Down's syndrome is one of the most common birth defects, affecting around one in every 800 babies born. It most often occurs when the nucleus of cells contains three chromosome-21's, rather than the usual two.
Dyslexia
Dyslexia (dis-LEKS-ee-uh) is a learning disability, not a disease, that's characterized by problems in expressing or receiving spoken or written language.
External worms
Many types of worms live as parasites in humans. Pinworms are the most common parasitic worms that infest children. They live in the lower intestine, but lay eggs in the skin around the anus.
Hyperactivity
Many children, especially preschool children, are said to be 'hyperactive.' Usually the term is misused to describe a child who's merely active and busy, which is a normal part of being a child, not a disorder.
Migraine headaches
Migraine headaches affect an estimated five percent of children. They have specific characteristics that are different from other headaches. The ache is usually on one side of the head.
Muscular dystrophy in children
Muscular dystrophy (DISS-tro-fee) is the umbrella term to describe more than 40 diseases affecting primarily skeletal muscles.Some forms first become apparent in infancy or childhood, but others don't appear until later.
Reye's syndrome
Reye (RYE) syndrome is a rare but potentially fatal illness of preschool and school-age children. It usually occurs between ages three and 12 and causes liver damage and swelling of the brain, which can lead to permanent brain damage.
Ringworms
If your child's over a year old and has a continually scaly scalp, it could be ringworm. Ringworm is a common and easily-treated skin infection caused by a fungus, not by a worm.
Scoliosis
Scoliosis (sko-lee-OH-sis) is an abnormal curvature of the spine that's most evident when a child is standing or walking. The problem may first be noted during a screening program at school.
Sleeplessness
Even with a predictable bedtime routine, some children resist going to sleep. They may cry when left alone, or they may get up frequently and want to be around parents.
Spinal meningitis
Spinal meningitis (me-nun-JYE-tis) is an infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord, called the 'meninges' (muh-NIN-jeez). It can be caused either by bacteria or by a virus.
Warts: facts
Warts are tan, brown, black, gray, or yellow benign (buh-NINE) skin tumors that appear primarily on the hands, toes, knees, and face. They're caused by a virus, and they rarely appear in children under age two.
Wetting the bed
Even after a child's been toilet trained, it's common for him to occasionally wet the bed, even as much as two or three times a week. This is a natural part of toilet training, so don't scold the child or put him back in diapers.
What is cystic fibrosis?
Cystic fibrosis (SISS-tick fi-BRO-sis) is a hereditary disease that affects the digestive and respiratory systems. Children with this condition secrete a thick, sticky mucus, which clogs the respiratory system, making it difficult to breathe, and blocks the secretion of digestive enzymes.
What is whooping cough?
Whooping cough is the common name for pertussis (per-TUSS-is). This is a highly contagious respiratory disease that usually affects infants and young children.
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