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About cervical polyps
Polyps (PAUL-ips) are soft, finger-like masses that result from the overgrowth of lining cells. Polyps can occur in many places, including the cervix, which is the long neck at the end of the uterus, where it meets the vagina.
About ovarian cysts
A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. Ovarian cysts are caused by abnormal fluid production or cell growth within the ovary, which leads to swelling. Ovarian cysts are classified into two groups: those that go away on their own, and those that need treatment.
Absence of periods
Amenorrhea (ah-men-o-REE-ah) is the absence of menstrual periods. There are two types of amenorrhea, primary and secondary. In primary amenorrhea, menstruation has never occurred at all.
Bladder infection information
Bladder infections are much more common in women than men, due to the location of the urethra (you- REE-thruh), the tube which carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.
Cystitis facts
Once regarded as a figment of the imagination, interstitial cystitis (in-ter-STIH-shul-sist-EYE tiss) or I-C is now known to be a real disease. Unlike regular cystitis, I-C is a not a bladder infection, but rather a chronic inflammation of the bladder walls.
Defining cervical dysplasia
Cervical dysplasia (diss-PLAY-zhuh) is the abnormal growth of cells on the cervix. Dysplasia is not cancer, and does not spread to other parts of the body.
Endometrial polyps
Endometrial or uterine polyps (PAUL-ips) are soft, fingerlike growths which develop in the lining of the uterus, that usually occur in women over 40. However, women can develop them at any age after menstruation begins.
Endometriosis
The endometrium (en-doe-MEE-tree-um) is a membrane that lines the surface of the uterus. Endometriosis (en-doe-mee-tree-O-sis) occurs when fragments of endometrial tissue develop outside the uterus, such as in or on the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, or other places in the abdominal cavity.
Infrequent period problems
Many factors can cause infrequent periods, and these conditions may require treatment. At the same time, infrequent periods might be normal for you. While the average woman has a period every 21 to 35 days, others may only menstruate every six weeks.
Irritable bladder
An irritable bladder is characterized by the frequent urge to urinate, even when the bladder contains only a small amount of urine. Though this symptom may also be present with various urinary tract infections, an irritable bladder is not an infection, but rather an irritation of the urethra (you-REE-thruh).
Mastitis
Mastitis (mass-TIE-tis) is an inflammation of the female breast. It may be mild or severe, chronic or acute, and is usually the result of an infection or a hormonal change.
Menopause
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when she ceases to menstruate. This is a natural process that results when the ovaries stop producing estrogen, ending the monthly release of an egg.
Painful periods
Dysmenorrhea (dis-men-oh-REE-uh) is pain a woman feels during menstruation (men-strew-ay-shun). Discomfort is primarily caused by cramping of the uterus, due to unusually high levels of substances called prostaglandins (PROSS-ta-glan-dinz).
Pap smears
A Pap smear should be a routine part of a woman's yearly gynecological examination. The primary purpose of a Pap smear is to detect changes in the cells of the cervix which may lead to cervical cancer, while they're still in the early or pre-cancerous stages.
Pelvic inflammation
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, also called P-I-D, is a bacterial infection that usually begins in the cervix, and spreads to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other areas in the pelvic region.
Postmenopausal bleeding
While there can be many explanations for the cause of postmenopausal bleeding, any woman who experiences bleeding after the onset of menopause should take care to see her medical provider as soon as possible.
Premenstrual tension
Premenstrual tension, commonly called premenstrual syndrome or P-M-S, is a condition many women experience during the week or so preceding a menstrual period.
Prolapsed uterus or vagina information
Prolapse (PRO-laps) is the sagging or protrusion of an organ from its normal position. Uterine prolapse occurs when the uterus drops down into the vagina.
Stress incontinence problems
Incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. It affects as many as ten million adults, most of whom are women. One of the most common types is stress incontinence, which results from anything that puts a physical stress on the bladder, like laughing, coughing, or sneezing.
Tipped uterus
The uterus is a hollow organ about the size and shape of an upside down pear. In the average woman, it's positioned forward, above the bladder. But on occasion, it may be tilted or 'tipped' backward, or otherwise be out of alignment.
Toxic shock syndrome
Toxic Shock Syndrome, or T-S-S, is a disease involving a certain type of staphylococcal (staff-il-oh-COCK-ul) bacteria, which is thought to enter the bloodstream and release toxins.
Treating endometriosis
Endometriosis (EN-doe-mee-tree-OH-sis) occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus begins to grow in other locations, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or abdominal cavity.
Treating menopause symptoms
Many symptoms associated with menopause are due to naturally declining levels of estrogen; therefore, the most common treatment is hormone replacement therapy, or H-R-T.
Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis (trick-oh-moe-NYE-ah-sis) is a vaginal inflammation caused from a parasitic infection by the trichomonas (trick-om-OH-nas) organism. It's characterized by a bad-smelling, yellow-green vaginal discharge and an irritating itching condition that has a tendency to worsen after a menstrual period.
Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence (in-KON-tin-ence) is the medical term for inappropriate loss of urine. This is a common problem among older adults. Approximately one in ten people aged 65 and older experience some form of incontinence - ranging from mild to severe - and women are affected more than men.
Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids (FYE-broids) are benign growths found in the uterus, usually found in women over 35. About 30 percent of women will develop fibroids in their lifetime, though most will have no symptoms, and need no treatment.
What is cervical erosion?
The cervix is the neck or narrow end of the uterus where it meets the vagina. Outside, the cervix is normally covered by a pink tissue called squamous (SKWAY-muss) cell, while the tissue inside the canal is a red, glandular (GLAND-you-ler) tissue.
Women and heart disease
Heart disease is usually a result of coronary (CORE-uh-nair-ee) artery disease and/or high blood pressure. Coronary artery disease is the gradual clogging of the arteries that nourish the heart, due to fatty buildup; this reduces blood flow and oxygen to the heart.
Yeast infections
A yeast infection, also called candidiasis (kan-dih-DIE-ah-sis), can be a major source of discomfort for women. Yeast infections occur when there's an overgrowth of certain organisms that are naturally present in the vagina.
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