On this day in history, April 1
1789 – In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker.
1826 – Samuel Morey patents the internal combustion engine.
1873 – The British steamer RMS Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, killing 547.
1891 – The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1918 – The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
1924 – Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in jail for his participation in the "Beer Hall Putsch". However, he spends only nine months in jail, during which he writes Mein Kampf.
1924 – The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1945 – World War II: Operation Iceberg – United States troops land on Okinawa in the last campaign of the war.
1954 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorizes the creation of the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado.
1960 – The TIROS-1 satellite transmits the first television picture from space.
1967 – The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
1970 – President Richard Nixon signs the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act into law, requiring the Surgeon General's warnings on tobacco products and banning cigarette advertisements on television and radio in the United States.1976 – Apple Inc. is formed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne
1979 – Iran becomes an Islamic Republic by a 99% vote, officially overthrowing the Shah.
1992 – Start of the Bosnian war.
2001 – Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, the first country to allow it.
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